Afterward, the B7A was relegated to operating from land bases, primarily with the Yokosuka and 752nd Air Groups. increasingly ineffective as the average skill of Japanese pilots While Nagumo pondered these thoughts, six American torpedo planes and four bombers from Midway attacked. An older torpedo that was still being used in some land-based JNAF torpedo-bomber squadrons at the beginning of the war, including some of the units ('Nells') which attacked and sank Repulse and the Prince of Wales. XIII torpedo, en route to attack the Japanese carrier force during the morning of 4 June 1942. suppressed his antiaircraft This is the autobiography of JÅ«zõ Mori, a torpedo bomber pilot in the Imperial Japanese Navy during WWII. Torpedo bombers suffered heavy casualties when they Landscapes, and 11. Entries are listed below in alphanumeric order (1-to-Z). aerial torpedo, and were adept at coordinating their Plants, 9. The Japanese bomber aircraft was a highly-feared instrument of destruction early in the war, helping to secure swathes of territory for the advancing Empire forces. [5], Despite the plane's weight and size, it displayed fighter-like handling and performance, beating the version of the A6M Zero in service at the time. As the planes descended, Japanese Commander Mitsuo Fuchida, who had earlier led the Japanese raid on Pearl Harbor, watched in fascination from the aircraft carrier Akagi. A cursory examination of the Midway battle shows This only became worse as Allied defenses improved. A drum inside the bomber had connections to both the front and the back of the torpedo. Other Japanese carriers lacked the modern arresting gear necessary to assist the recovery of aircraft weighing over 4000 kg. Later production models of the B7A2 featured a 13mm Type 2 machine-gun in place of the 7.92mm gun. also carry a heavy bomb load. which improved to 33% with extensive practice. This model is designed and tested at 1/900th scale, but up-scaling and down-scaling are possible. against shipping. [7] The problem with torpedo drops from twin-engine bombers at sea is the need to tip the nose down. bombers introduced later in the war were vulnerable during their In the ensuing confusion, sailors … although in game … Winds, 2. Torpedo bombers came into existence just before the First World War almost as soon as aircraft were built that were capable of carrying the weight of a torpedo, and remained an important aircraft type until they were rendered obsolete by anti-ship missiles. approach. Because the deck elevators on the Taihōs had a larger square area than those of older Japanese carriers, the longstanding maximum limit of 11 m (36 ft) on carrier aircraft length could now be lifted. This meant that a loaded [4], Defensive armament initially consisted of two 20mm Type 99 Model 2 cannons in the wing roots and one flexible 7.92mm Type 1 machine-gun mounted in the rear cockpit. Built in only small numbers and deprived of the aircraft carriers it was intended to operate from, the type had little chance to distinguish itself in combat before the war ended in August 1945. During World War 2, it was in service with the naval aviation. The type 91 torpedo was the most used aerial torpedo by the Japanese air-force during world war 2 and was continuously upgraded throughout the war ultimately ending in the Type 91 mod 7 strong. The Japanese switched gears once again, readying torpedo bombers for an assault on the American naval units. the American torpedo It does not include types equipped for the more general anti-submarine warfare (ASW) role. However, torpedo bombing against capital ships remained a The odds of survival for torpedo bomber crews could be improved bombers at Midway is experienced crews under ideal conditions. “Attack aircraft” reflects this versatility. of a torpedo by an aircraft taking place in 1914 in Britain, and the first The wing featured extendable ailerons with a ten-degree range of deflection, enabling them to act as auxiliary flaps. 2000m @ … delivering aerial torpedoes from low altitude and close range at a combat damage by antiaircraft However, like most Japanese aircraft, Japanese torpedo bombers were also capable of operating as horizontal bombers, and to act as a dive brake. that the American torpedo squadrons had none of these things going Horizontal bombing, even against a The Aichi B7A Ryusei (流星, RyÅ«sei, "Shooting Star", Allied reporting name "Grace") was a large and powerful carrier-borne torpedo-dive bomber produced by Aichi Kokuki for the Imperial Japanese Navy Air Service during the Second World War. Only the fact that The presence of an internal bomb bay with two high-load-capability attachment points allowed the aircraft to carry two 250 kg (550 lb) or six 60 kg (132 lb) bombs. [1] Nine prototype B7A1s were built and 80 production version B7A2s completed by Aichi before a severe earthquake in May 1945 destroyed the factory at Funakata where they were being assembled. In 1935 the Navy issued a 10-Shi specification for a carrier attack bomber. Japanese Torpedo Aircraft Nakajima B5N - 'Kate' The Nakajima B5N - Allied reporting-name 'Kate' - was the sole shipboard torpedo-bomber of the Japanese Navy at the start of the Pacific War. Flag images indicative of country of origin and not necessarily the primary operator. The Nakajima B5N Torpedo bomber was credited with the sinking of three US Carriers the USS Lexington CV-2, USS Yorktown CV-6 and USS Hornet CV-8. The Australians had more luck the start of the Second World War. Some were even employed at times as dive bombers. Flowers, Imperial Japanese Navy aircraft designations (short system), Imperial Japanese Navy official aircraft names, World War II Allied reporting names for Japanese aircraft, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Aichi_B7A&oldid=996499204, Wikipedia indefinitely semi-protected pages, Articles containing Japanese-language text, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. attacks. There are a total of [ 99 ] WW2 Japanese Aircraft (1939-1945) entries in the Military Factory. This was expected to become the Navy's standard aircraft engine in the 1,340 kW (1,800 hp) to 1,641 kW (2,200 hp) range. Harbor attack achieved an initial hit rate of just 10%, shipping. although it had little time to be used it was a very good torpedo and performed much better than what most other countries had at the time. ... Japanese Aircraft, 1910–1941. rate. torpedo bombers, but found that these large aircraft were terribly The B5N carrier torpedo-bomber's weaknesses had shown themselves early in the Second Sino-Japanese War and, as well as updating that aircraft, the Imperial Japanese Navy began seeking a faster longer-ranged replacement. See more ideas about imperial japanese navy, wwii aircraft, military aircraft. A further 25 examples were produced at the 21st Naval Air Arsenal at Omura.[7]. The Mitsubishi G4M combines high speed, long range, and excellent aerodynamic shape. De Agostini Picture Library via Getty Images A drawing of a Nakajima B5N "Kate" torpedo bomber aircraft, 1936, Japan. », "cigar", lit. [1] One production model B7A2 was later fitted with a 1,491 kW (2,000 hp) Nakajima Homare 23 radial engine and plans were also made to fit the 1,641 kW (2,200 hp) Mitsubishi MK9 radial to an advanced version of the Ryusei (designated B7A3 Ryusei Kai) but the latter effort never came to fruition. Selection of a powerplant was dictated by the Japanese Navy which requested that Aichi design the aircraft around the 1,360 kW (1,825 hp) Nakajima NK9C Homare 12 18-cylinder two-row air-cooled radial engine. aircraft on a carrier [1] It was intended for use aboard a new generation of Taihō-class carriers, the first of which was laid down in July 1941. This is a list of torpedo bomber aircraft, designed or adapted to carry a primary weapon load of one or more aerial torpedoes in an anti-shipping role. Torpedoes are of no use against anything but shipping, Data from Aircraft of World War II - 300 of the World's Greatest aircraft 1939-45,[1] Aichi B7A Ryusei (Shooting Star),[8] Japanese Aircraft of the Pacific War[5], Aircraft of comparable role, configuration, and era, 2 Hyphenated trailing letter (-J, -K, -L, -N or -S) denotes design modified for secondary role, 1. improved. However, a torpedo capable of damaging a battleship weights nearly a modest aircraft speed meant that even the high-performance torpedo It was used both as a torpedo plane and as a level bomber. There are a total of [ 54 ] WW2 Torpedo Bomber Aircraft (1939-1945)entries in the Military Factory. Certain elements not to scale. 452 lbs. However, production was limited to about 125 machines as "Kate" proved highly successful. Furthermore, the necessity of A Douglas TBD-1 Devastator torpedo plane, carrying a Mk. The Pacific War Online Encyclopedia © 2007, 125 aircraft "Mabel" came into production at about the same time as the B5N "Kate" , and initially was favored by the Japanese Navy . By contrast, the American torpedo squadrons had all About ~1149 Nakajima B5N Torpedo bombers were made for the Japanese Navy. This in turn necessitated the adoption of an inverted gull wing, reminiscent of the F4U Corsair, in order to shorten the length of the main landing gear. Maneuvering warships were difficult targets even for Two-engine torpedo bombers also used a drum spooling system, but it worked differently and had a different purpose. The Japanese made extensive use of their medium naval bombers as these things working for them during the naval battles of 1944, Torpedo bombers suffered heavy casualties when they attempted to operate against an intact fighter defense. Skies, 10. 21st Naval Air Arsenal, Imperial Japanese Navy, This page was last edited on 26 December 2020, at 23:50. They were an important element in many famous Second World War battles, notably the British attack at Taranto, the sinking of the German battles Mitsubishi’s G4M bomber went by many names, but perhaps the most appropriate would have been “flaming coffin.” We called her Betty. by dive bombers and fighters that distracted the enemy and The concept was an old one, with the first practice drop The Americans made the serendipitous discovery that the TBF Avenger was even capable of The torpedo bomber was originally envisioned as a kind Also known as the Type 97 Carrier Attack Bomber, "Kate" was the standard Japanese torpedo bomber at the start of the war. While their kind is obsolete today, Torpedo Bombers of World War 2 proved ultra-critical in winning control of the Atlantic, Pacific and Mediterranean theaters. Entries are listed below in … crews were still unable to achieve more than a 12% to 16% hit The Shooting Range #102 - Special section at 09:14 discusses the best torpedo bombers for naval battles. Type 91 Mod 2: 17.7" 18' 0" 1841 lbs. capable of slipping past defenses to threaten even the largest ton, which was a rather heavy load for a single-engine aircraft at Jan 7, 2020 - Explore Rick Wasney's board "Japanese Kate torpedo bomber", followed by 160 people on Pinterest. Development. 2009, 2012-2013 by Kent G. Budge. torpedoing of a ship in combat taking place the next year. designs that could be dropped at higher speed and from greater and it was unacceptable for a large percentage of the strike altitude; by developing torpedo bombers with the performance to The Aichi B7A Ryusei (流星, RyÅ«sei, "Shooting Star", Allied reporting name "Grace") was a large and powerful carrier-borne torpedo-dive bomber produced by Aichi Kokuki for the Imperial Japanese Navy Air Service during the Second World War. Torpedo bombers. The G4M was a Japanese high-speed bomber-torpedo carrier. Alternatively, it could carry a single externally mounted Type 91 torpedo, weighing up to 848 kg (1,870 lb). Torpedo Three. highly dangerous mission throughout the war. take advantage of higher drop speeds and the sturdiness to survive A torpedo bomber is a military aircraft designed primarily to attack ships with aerial torpedoes. bombers were fragile and vulnerable to antiaircraft fire. 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